Articulation Disorder:  An articulation disorder involves problems making sounds. Sounds can be substituted, left off, added or changed. By the age of 4 others should be able to understand 100% of what your child is saying. 


Language Disorder: 

Some children have problems with understanding, also called receptive language. They may have trouble:
Understanding what gestures mean
Following directions
Answering questions
Identifying objects and pictures
Taking turns when talking with others

Understanding higher level language- figurative language, idioms, 


​Some children have problems talking, also called expressive language. They may have trouble:
Asking questions
Naming objects
Using gestures
Putting words together into sentences
Learning songs and rhymes
Using correct pronouns, like "he" or "they"
Knowing how to start a conversation and keep it going


Some children have difficulty with higher level language skills. They may have:  

-Inability to understand or make connections and associations between words, sentences, or stories.
-Poor academic performance
-Poor social pragmatics skills
-Difficulty with oral and written comprehension
-Poor writing skills
-Difficulty with understanding jokes, riddles, and humor
Four common areas of difficulty for children with higher-level language disorders are with verbal sequencing, determining cause and effect, making inferences, and understanding and using figurative language. 


Language Delay: Toddlers who may be “late talkers”. By the age of 2 kids should use
50-100 words and begin using 2 word phrases


Fluency disorder (stuttering): Stuttering affects the fluency of speech. It begins during childhood and, in some cases, lasts throughout life. The disorder is characterized by disruptions in the production of speech sounds, also called "disfluencies."


Autism, Down Syndrome, Dyslexia and other Learning Disabilities, ADD/ADHD, Cognitive Impairments, etc. 




Links for Additional Information: 



A Speech-Language Pathologist works with children who demonstrate the following:

​Birmingham Speech and Language, PLLC

   Helping children communicate to their greatest potential